As a general rule, seeds need to be planted 3 times deeper than they are wide- some tiny seeds need no cover of soil at all. The first thing all seeds do before they germinate is swell with water, so soil should be moist but not sopping wet. When planting in a dry spell, soak large seeds for a day before planting and plan to water regularly until the seedlings emerge. Scroll down this page to find tips for planting our seeds. Feel free to contact us with any questions regarding specific varieties. Good luck and happy planting!



Plant after threat of frost has passed. Space bush beans 4 inches apart in rows 6 inches apart. Pole beans require trellising and seeds can be spaced farther apart at 6 to 8 inches.


Start seeds indoors as early as possible, to give the slow growing tiny seedlings time to size up. Transplant in the spring to 6 inches apart in a moist area of your garden, thin to 12 inches apart when they become crowded.


Plant in late May/early June, seeding 6 inches apart in rows 12 inches apart. Grains can be carefully transplanted if insects/critters threaten to eat your seeds.


We transplant these plants very carefully- they do not like to have their roots disturbed but the benefit is that the seedlings are established before cucumber beetles emerge. We start cucumber and melon seeds in early May for an early June transplant, setting plants 6 inches apart and watering in well.


Most greens seeds can be seeded densely for cut and come again harvest, thinned or seeded with more spacing to form larger plants, or seeded in flats to transplant out at 6 inch spacing.

Peas/Fava Beans

Direct seed peas and fava beans as early as soil is workable, late April for us in Nova Scotia. Plant peas 2 inches apart and fava beans 6 inches apart. Tall peas require trellising.


Start seeds indoors with bottom heat in March, transplanting out in June 6 inches to 12 inches apart. 

Perennial Vegetables

Start seeds in flats, transplant 12 inches or more apart in rich soil.

Root Crops

Seed into well worked beds, spacing seeds to 1inch apart. Thin to 2 to 4 inches apart. Can been seeded early in the spring for summer harvests and in mid-late June for fall storage crops.

Summer Squash/Zucchini

Winter Squash/Pumpkins

We carefully transplant these fast growing plants, taking care not to disturb their roots, because seeds emerging in the garden are vulnerable to cucumber beetles and being eaten by birds/rodents. We wait to seed the flats until the soil in the garden is warm (late May/early June for us) so that seedlings are transplanted promptly 2-3 weeks after planting in flats. We plant into 2 foot wide rich hills spaced 3 feet apart, with 5 plants per hill.

Tomatillos/Husk Cherries

These are faster growing than tomatoes, so we start seeds in late April to transplant out in June, setting plants 1 foot apart.


Start seeds indoors two months before transplanting into the garden- for use, we start most tomatoes in early April for transplanting in early June. We space plants 1 foot apart and provide trellising for indeterminate varieties.


We direct seed most of our herbs, 2 to 4 inches apart in rows 6 inches apart.


We transplant most of our flowers, starting seeds in April to transplant in June, spacing 6 inches apart. When direct seeding, thin to 6 inches from a late May/early June seeding.